Terms of Reference for a trainer on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction.
Natural and human-made disasters have been experienced throughout human history. In the last three decades both the frequency of their occurrence and the losses associated with them has increased. The incidence and magnitude of disasters today is widely recognised as posing a serious threat to the survival, dignity and livelihoods of countless individuals, particularly the poor. Hard-won development gains are also under threat, especially in the least developed countries (LDCs). Disaster risk is a global concern; occurrence of a disaster in one region will have implications in others. Demographic, technological and socio-economic changes, especially increased urbanization, have resulted in settlement in high risk zones. This effect is compounded by disease epidemics, such as HIV/AIDS, and increasing climatic variability, exposing the world’s economies and peoples to increased threat of disasters.
Economic losses attributed to natural disasters are massive. The World Bank estimates annual losses due to natural disasters at US$ 55 billion. According to UNISDP, in the past two decades, on average more than 200 million people have been affected every year by disasters. Although the value of property losses is higher in high human development countries (due to high monetary values of their physical assets), disasters have more far-reaching consequences in low human development countries. Disaster-related losses constitute a significant proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in poor countries and drain their potential for development. In both rich and poor countries, marginalized social groups and the poor suffer most from the consequences of disaster.
Current Disaster Risk Reduction Global Framework
Disaster risk reduction is a multi-stakeholder process. Disasters could negate development gains and hold back countries, organizations and communities from realizing their goals. Owing to serious implication of disasters on people’s live and livelihood around the globe, the international community and governments have recognized need for disaster risk reduction. The DRR efforts at all levels from community to regional and international level are currently hinged on Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015. The national governments have a primary responsibility to protect lives and property from disasters. Non-state partners provide support to national governments and vulnerable communities on the basis of their competitive advantage. Development agencies have to consciously mainstream DRR in their programme for two reasons; to ensure their interventions contribute to building community’s resilience and to avoid inadvertently contributing to aggravating existing vulnerability or even creating new vulnerability conditions. Furthermore DRR is a cross cutting theme in all sectors of development and as such all government units need to appreciate that they have a role to play. The change in attitude and practice of all staff needs to be nurtured through deliberate national efforts. Such efforts could best be achieved through a country DRM policy framework formulated, understood, owned and applied by all in their day-to-day work within the country.
Justification for the training
The linkage between Climate change, Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) and Ecosystems based management is increasingly gaining recognition in Development Cooperation especially for Natural Resource Dependent communities/ countries and economies like Uganda. However, this linkage is insufficiently understood by development practitioners thus impacting negatively on project/program sustainability in the areas of humanitarian ,food security and livelihoods improvement, water and related natural resource management, rehabilitation and conservation of degraded ecosystems including strengthening resilience to climate induced disasters for the poor.
In this context, Oxfam’s ecosystems based CMDRR/Climate change adaptation/mitigation curriculum creates profound change for climate change/DRR practitioners, policy makers and smallholder farmers’ acumen of coping with climate change induced disasters.
It is against this background that Oxfam resilient livelihoods is planning to build capacity of its staff and partners in Northern Uganda and South Western Uganda in Ecosystems based/watershed Climate change adaptation and Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction.
To equip farmer groups and extension workers with skills in Ecosystems based Climate change adaptation and Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction.
Specific objectives of the training
- To enhance the capacity of staff and partners in understanding Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate change adaptation as frameworks for building community resilience
- To build the capacity of staff and partners in understanding tools and approaches that facilitate adaptation and risk reduction planning and implementation for building community resilience
- To enable Oxfam staff and partners identify and analyse the different hazards that affect farming activities within communities and come up with action plans for hazard mitigation and prevention in livelihood and humanitarian settings
- To enable Oxfam staff and partners establish operational community based early warning systems for resilience building to common climate induced hazards
Participants will be drawn from the Oxfam Office both in the field and at the national level . The other participants will be partners implementing both development and humanitarian interventions.
The participants will gather in two different locations; Northern Uganda (preferably Lira) and South Western Uganda (preferably Fort Portal). In total ,the training will accommodate 30 participants for each location making a total number of 60 trainees.
Proposed dates for the training are 8th–12th March 2021 in Lira and 21st–24th March, 2021 in Fort Portal.
Qualifications of the trainer
In order to accomplish the objectives of the training, the following are requirements;
- A Post Graduate degree in a relevant humanitarian field of work including Social Science, human rights and project Management
- Thorough understanding of the humanitarian assistance standards as they relate to the local national context, and international context
- Significant experience in training on CMDRR and Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
- Excellent facilitation and report writing skills
- Cultural sensitivity
- Should have knowledge and experience in gender and women’s rights issues
- Experience working with Oxfam is an added advantage
- Pre- training assessment tools
- Tool used in Participatory Disaster Risk Assessment and Adaptation/ risk reduction Planning
- A training report highlighting action plans generated from each training location
How to apply
Expressions of interest in terms pf proposals with training content / Schedule should be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org not later than 01st March 2021. All submissions (inclusive of technical and financial proposal).
Offers received by any other means will not be taken into consideration.
Only selected bidders/candidates will be contacted. Oxfam will not respond to any phone inquiries.