Terms of Reference for a Study on the Impact of Covid-19 on Gender relations and economic situation of target communities

Background about Oxfam in Uganda

Oxfam in Uganda is part of the Oxfam confederation, aligning with Oxfam NOVIB as the Oxfam Affiliate. Oxfam started its work in Uganda in 1960's, mainly to reduce poverty and inequality, enabling people's voices to be heard and respected, and respond to emergency to save human lives. We work with governments, communities, civil society, non -governmental organizations and private sector partners to positively impact on the lives of people in Uganda particularly women, youth, and vulnerable communities. We also work with international development actors and Oxfam Affiliates world over to support our actions.

Oxfam’s Vision is A Uganda free of inequality and Injustice: A society where people, particularly women and young people, claim and exercise their rights and responsibilities, and influence decisions that affect their lives. This is guided by the Country strategy 2020-2030 which is anchored on four thematic areas, which aim to promote good Governance and accountability, Resilient livelihoods, Humanitarian preparedness and response as well as Women rights.

About the Project

The PGII is a 5-year (2017-2021) project grant supported by Irish Aid. The project focuses on two key broad areas i.e Women and Youth Economic Empowerment (W/YEE) and Gender Equality (GE). Impact under these key areas, is delivered by Oxfam through local partners namely: CEDOVIP and UWONET for Gender Equality. These partners are responsible for providing institutional support to duty bearers aimed at increasing gender equality, stimulating local activism to prevent GBV, and enhancing women’s participation by building strong accountable women leaders. UYONET and IFRAD are responsible for increasing Youth Economic Empowerment, while AFCE and TUNADO are delivering activities aimed at increasing Women's Economic Empowerment.

Objectives

The main objective of this project is to ensure resilient, inclusive, and sustainable livelihoods

In Uganda, this project is being implemented under 2 specific objectives which include

  1. Greater women and youth economic empowerment
  2. Greater gender equality

Project Scope

The project is being implemented in by 6 partners in 7 districts (Kaabong, Kotido, Lamwo, Gulu, Pakwach, Nebbi and Arua).

Project Results:

Objective 1: Greater women and youth economic empowerment

High level Outcomes:

  • Increased income for poor and marginalized women and youth in targeted communities
  • Increased Local and National budget allocation to agriculture to benefit poor and marginalized women and youth in targeted communities
  • Increased employment for poor and marginalized women and youth in targeted communities
  • A more enabling policy and legislative environment for poor and marginalized women and youth economic empowerment

Objective 2: Greater gender equality

High level Outcomes:

  • Decrease in the level of GBV in target communities
  • Increased satisfaction of poor and marginalized people with GBV services in their targeted communities
  • Increased participation of women in local and national level governance structures
  • A more enabling national policy environment for gender equality

Covid-19 Impact on women’s Economic empowerment and Gender Equality

With the fast spreading Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic many gender inequalities have already been intensified as existing discriminatory and harmful social norms continue or worsen in the face of change such as violence against women, which has intensified globally under lockdowns and in the face of economic stress.There has been a relationship between pandemics, conflict situations, outbreaks and how they affect men and women differently. Conflicts, pandemics usually test patience of the people, the fear and uncertainty provides an enabling environment that may exacerbate or spark diverse forms of violence against women and girls. When the COVID-19 pandemic spread, and as security, health and financial situations worsened, violence against women increased exponentially. Between 30th March 2020 and 28th April 2020, a total of 3,280 cases of Gender Based Violence (GBV) were reported to police[1]. On 31st March 2020, Michael Opio, a resident of Kaberamaido District was reported to have bitten off the wife’s lip over 200 Uganda Shillings[2]. This stressful period is recreating toxic masculinity exacerbated by the negative social norms. Due to the lockdown, men and boys feel their power questioned as they cannot provide and are not able to leave home to engage in productive and economic activities.Since everyone is focused on their survival, even the neighbors/by standers are not concerned about intervening is cases of violence.

The economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic has the youth and women workers hardest because most of them were working in precarious informal, seasonal, or part-time jobs. For example, small scale businesses, retail, hospitality, food services, sectors that have suffered because of the lockdown in Uganda from March 2020 to early June 2020 as working from home was impossible. Because of the Pandemic most of these economic activities were locked down and this left women and youth employed with limited or no sources of income to meet their livelihood needs. As a result, even those who were in business before, have ended up using the capital to meet the daily demands and extra costs caused by the pandemic. This is evidence that incomes and economic engagements of women and young people have been impacted negatively

Purpose and Objectives of the study

Purpose of the study

The purpose of this study is to provide an understanding of how Covid-19 has impacted on gender relations and economic status of target communities. It will also be useful to know some of the capacities within the communities to respond and cope with such shocks and stresses. Some of the findings of the study will be used in the project to strategize and offer tailored support to affected communities. It will also be used to inform governments while developing women and youth programmes.

Objectives of the study

  • To examine the impact of Covid-19 pandemic on gender relations in target communities
  • To assess the impact of Covid-19 on the economic status of women and youth in target communities
  • To identify the capacities within communities to response and cope with stresses and shocks such as Covid-19
  • To assess the rate of the gender-based violence occurring in families and communities during the lockdown period and know whether this is different from the pre-COVID-19 period.
  • To assess, continuity of GBV services to women and girls in relation particularly during this lockdown period

Scope of Work

Technical and Geographical scope

The study will be conducted among the project participants mainly looking at how covid-19 has impacted on their businesses, agriculture production, and Gender relations both at household and at community levels. The study will be undertaken in the 7 districts where this project is being implemented

Key questions

  1. How has Covid-19 affected the Economic situation of women and youth?
  2. What is the impact of Covid on the relationship between women and men in communities? How have men and women been impacted and what is the relationship between a shift/change in gendered roles and VAWG ( in the home?)
  3. Do farmers have capacity to respond and cope with the Pandemic?
  4. What are some of the structures and systems in place that can help women and youth bounce back economically?
  5. How GBV referrals are operating during this lockdown period and what support they would need to ensure they continue helping the community members in need.
  6. To assess the rate of the gender-based violence occurring in families and communities during the lockdown period and know whether this is different from the pre-COVID-19 period.
  7. What is the status of Gender Based Violence in the areas the selected areas of study- How has this changed pre-covid and during covid19
  8. What are the leverage points for changing women and young people’s lives during this covid and post covid era

Stake holders

The evaluation will involve women and youth in business and agriculture, women in leadership, GBV referral pathway actors, GBV survivors and partner organisations, Community task force members on covid19, change agents, District leadership (Gender and Production) among others

Geographical Scope

The study will be undertaken in the 7 districts of Kaabong, Kotido, Lamwo, Gulu, Pakwach, Nebbi and Arua where this project is being implemented.

Time Scope

This is expected to be undertaken in 35 working days from 13th November to 23rd December

Study Methodology

The study will be conducted following a participatory methodology and applying mixed methods, where both qualitative and quantitative participatory methods will be taken into consideration. For both qualitative and quantitative methods, both primary and secondary data collection methods will be used.

The methods should be sensitive to the target population (unit of analysis), and robust enough to provide adequate responses to the stated study questions/research hypotheses in the prevailing context. Overall, the methodology section should cover details of study design and approaches, sampling, sample size determination, data collection methods/instruments, data analysis techniques, plan for dissemination of study findings and a statement on quality assurance and ethical considerations during the study. Overall, the section should outline how the study will be conducted. The expected approach should be described in enough detail to ensure that the study can easily be replicated by any other researcher in case of need.

In order to generate in-depth information; the methods proposed to be used include;

  • Desk review of relevant documents

The study will make use of relevant documents available such as Policy documents, research studies, project proposal, logical framework, policy papers and concept notes, statistical data on the impact of COVID-19 in Uganda

  • Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with project participants

This will help to get an in-depth understanding of the impacts of Covid. The impact assessment will target FGDs composed of between 8-12 people specifically women and youth

  • Key informant interviews (KII)

This will be for key stake holders in the project such as district officials, GBV referral Pathway actors, partner staff and they will be able to provide information from the technical point of view.

Study Outputs/Deliverables

  • An inception report explaining the methodology, data collection tools to be used and a workplan
  • Participation in Inception meeting to discuss the methodology, tools and agree on the final data collection work plans.
  • Submission of final set of tools and enumerator training materials (agenda, tools protocols, trainers guide etc.);
  • Submission of raw data sets – both quantitative and qualitative interviews.
  • Field Debriefing Report after field data collection to discuss field experiences related to data collection.
  • Draft evaluation report in English to be presented to OXFAM (no more than 30 pages excluding annexes, including executive summary not exceeding 2 pages); using the structure set out below should be submitted to stakeholders at the field level and Kampala.
  • Interactive meetings between consultant(s) with OXFAM and members of the Consortium;
  • Workshop to present the draft report (including the findings of the evaluation and the lessons learned), and to give feedback to OXFAM and partners;
  • Submit a draft electronic copy of the final evaluation report within three (3) days after receipt of formal feedback from the OXFAM arising from the workshop that will discuss the draft report (see point g above) Feedback from OXFAM will be provided in writing by e-mail within one (1) week after the submission of the draft electronic copy referred to above. Three hard copies (03) of the Final Project Evaluation Report and a soft copy including the datasets of collected /cleaned data in excel format.

Note: All clean dataset(s), transcriptions and other study materials MUST be handed over to Oxfam in Uganda at the end of the study

Reporting

The report should take the structure below highlighting key elements

  • Cover page
  • Table of table of content page
  • Executive summary (not exceeding 2 pages)
  • Introduction
  • Description of context, study purpose and objectives, and scope
  • Study methodology and limitations
  • Study findings
  • conclusions and recommendations.
  • References
  • Annexes

Timeframe and estimated working days

The assignment will be undertaken from 13th November 2020 to 23rd December 2020 lasting a total of 30 working days from the date of signing the contract.

  • Consultant to sign contract for the assignment: 13th November 2020
  • Review of documents and development of the inception report and study instruments:16th to 18th November
  • Presentation of Inception report and data collection tools: 19th November
  • Training of Research Assistants: 20th to 24th November
  • Primary data collection (field work): 25th November to 4th December
  • Data analysis and report writing: 7th to 14th December 2020
  • Submission of the draft study report to Oxfam in Uganda: 15th December 2020
  • Review by Oxfam team and Partners: 16th to 18th December
  • Incorporating comments on draft report: 21st and 22nd December
  • Submission of the final project study report to Oxfam in Uganda: 23rd December
  • Presentation of study findings/ sharing feedback on report: To be discussed

Qualification and experience of the consultant/team

The Evaluator is expected to have the following expertise and qualification:

  1. At least Master’s degree in a relevant field of agricultural extension, Gender studies, Project Management, and Business Administration, among others.
  2. Knowledge and experience in gender and women rights issues.
  3. Significant development work experiences and knowledge and skills in research.
  4. Excellent analytical written and verbal communication skills in English.

Proposal study Criteria

The technical proposal will be evaluated based on the Quality Cost-Based Selection (QCBS) Criteria:

  1. The individual general reliability as well as experience and capacity in the carrying out the assignment (30%).
  2. The approach in responding to the TOR and detailed work Oxfam in Uganda (40%).
  3. The qualifications and competencies of the proposed personnel for the assignment (30%).

Proposals obtaining more than 70% of the technical points will be considered technically suitable and qualify for financial assessment.

Supervision/management of the assignment

consultant will work closely with the Youth Engagement Coordinator and the Women Rights Projects Coordinator with support from the Program quality Coordinator. This will involve tracking progress using both formal and informal forms of communication. The Project team will avail all the necessary project documents as and when the consultant needs them. The program Quality Coordinator will support in assessment and reviewing of the inception report and tools as well as advice on M&E technical issues. The process will be guided by an agreed upon activity work plan and list of deliverables to ensure adherence to deadlines and outputs. While in the field, the consultant will work closely with partners who are based in the selected districts. All compliance and contractual requirements will be clearly stipulated in the Contract.

Payment

The consultant will be paid 100% upon submission and approval of final reports and any agreed upon products of the study. The technical fees will be subject to 6% withholding Tax.

Submission of Technical and Financial Proposal

Interested applicants are expected to submit the following not later than 9th October 2020;

  1. Technical proposal highlighting the interpretation of the TOR, Proposed methodology, as well as study framework and plan,
  2. Financial Proposal: the financial proposal should provide cost estimate for services to be rendered including consultancy fees, transport, accommodation and living costs, stationeries and supplies needed for data collection etc.

Send your proposal with a subject Impact of Covid-19 on Gender relations and Economic status- Irish Aid PG2 to ugandalogistics@oxfam.org by 17:00hrs 30th October 2020.