Terms of Reference: Evaluation of Influencing Climate Change Programming in Uganda

Background about Oxfam in Uganda

Oxfam in Uganda is part of the Oxfam confederation, aligning with Oxfam NOVIB as the Oxfam Affiliate. Oxfam started its work in Uganda in 1960's, mainly to reduce poverty and inequality, enabling people's voices to be heard and respected, and respond to emergency to save human lives. We work with governments, communities, civil society, non-governmental organizations and private sector partners to positively impact on the lives of people in Uganda particularly women, youth and vulnerable communities. We also work with international development actors and Oxfam Affiliates the world over to support our actions.

The goal of Oxfam in Uganda, for the period 2020 - 2030 is to ensure a peaceful and resilient society where communities, especially women and young people, enjoy their rights, freedom and responsibilities, and government and the private sector are responsive and accountable. This will be achieved through four strategic objectives namely: People, social movements and civil society hold the government accountable for realization of people's rights and accessible quality public services; Women, young people and vulnerable communities have sustainable access, ownership and control of productive and natural resources for dignified livelihoods; People exposed to crisis are safe, secure, resilient and enjoy dignified lives; and Women and Girls in Uganda fully enjoy their rights and live in dignity under a progressive socio- legal system.

Information about the Project

Oxfam in Uganda’s climate change work began six years ago, focused on upscaling climate smart agriculture (CSA) and influencing climate change policy in the country. In 2014, Oxfam also joined the NEPAD-INGO Alliance for Scaling-Up Climate Smart Agriculture in Africa, designed to support the uptake of CSA practices by at least 6 million farm households by 2021 and contributing to the overall African Union vision of supporting 25 million households by 2025. Oxfam is one of five INGO implementation partners; the others are CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Concern Worldwide, and World Vision. The climate change work includes several mutually supporting approaches:

Coordinating the Uganda INGO CSA Alliance: In 2015, Oxfam Uganda joined the Uganda INGO CSA Alliance, which aspires to have at least 1 million farm households adopting CSA techniques, also contributing to the African Union goal. Oxfam in Uganda (with seed funding from Oxfam America) has been supporting coordination of the Alliance as the lead agency, joined by CARE International, World Vision and Catholic Relief Services as members. The Alliance supports the upscaling of climate smart agriculture by working with the CSA National Task Force, which was instituted by the Government of Uganda through the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries. Together with the National Taskforce, the Alliance undertook a 2015 scoping study to understand “who is doing what” on CSA in Uganda. The study was then enhanced in 2017, when the National Taskforce recommended that the Alliance also document CSA stakeholders and approaches to upscaling. In 2018, the INGO Alliance supported the revision of a long-term CSA strategy for the Government of Uganda (including costing and developing a monitoring and evaluation framework). A final draft of the strategy is pending sign off by the Government of Uganda.

Mobilizing civil society organizations on climate change advocacy: Oxfam in Uganda has been supporting policy advocacy through civil society mobilisation on national and global policy engagements. Examples include working the Climate Action Network Uganda (CAN-U); mobilizing civil society voices around the UNFCCC Conferences of Parties and providing input for the national negotiation papers for COPs 23, 24 and 25 in Bonn, Katowice and Madrid, respectively.

In 2019, Oxfam in Uganda supported civil society organizations (CSOs) to hold the Government of Uganda accountable on the implementation of Climate Change policies and programmes and hosted a roundtable discussion where the government was asked to provide updates to CSOs on implementation. Oxfam has also partnered with the Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change-Uganda (PFCC-U) to organize regional level consultations on the climate change bill. The consultations resulted in an improved draft bill, helped to identify constituencies and locally based climate change actions for the 2020 review of Uganda’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). As key outcomes to this dialogue, members of the PFCC-U were able to familiarise themselves with local level best practices, approaches and needed actions ahead of the climate change legislation coming in 2020. Members of parliament were able to generate constituent levels needed to inform the upcoming NDC review and 2020 reporting.

Building the capacity of parliamentarians on climate change: Oxfam has also sought to build the capacity of parliamentarians with respect to climate change. In 2017, Oxfam delivered an orientation to the 120 Members who had been elected to the House in the prior year. In 2019, 32 members of the Parliamentary Committee on Climate Change were trained and oriented on existing policies, programmes and international frameworks on climate change. Oxfam in Uganda also supports on-farm learning on CSA, including learning visits for the National CSA Task Force.

Climate change remains a critical driver of poverty and insecurity in Uganda, and therefore addressing it remains a central component of Oxfam’s 2030 strategy. Increasingly, the country is experiencing significant impacts of climate change, which include changing weather patterns, drop in water levels, and extreme weather such as floods, prolonged drought, famine and intermittent rains, which, in turn, exacerbate socio-economic vulnerabilities of communities. Disaster loss and damage is on the rise in Uganda with grave consequences for the survival, dignity and livelihood of the population, particularly the poor (The National Policy for Disaster Preparedness and Management, 2010). In Eastern and Northern Uganda, climatic induced hazards are increasingly causing floods, landslides and droughts resulting into sporadic displacement of residents to neighboring districts.

Purpose and Objectives of the study

Purpose of the study

The purpose of this study is to understand the extent and impact of Oxfam in Uganda’s efforts to influence the government’s climate change policy and programming as well as upscaling climate smart agriculture in Uganda . The evaluation should also provide an analysis of the political context in Uganda (and globally) as related to climate change policy and gaps that exist in influencing programming as well upscaling climate smart agriculture .

Objectives of the study

The objective of this evaluation is to assess and document the strengths and weaknesses of the Uganda team’s climate change influencing efforts and provide opportunity to reflect on five years of policy engagement. In addition, the Oxfam has recently launched a new strategic plan; for both Oxfam in Uganda and the global Oxfam confederation, climate change advocacy remains a central component of the agency’s work, and the dawn of a new strategy period provides opportunity for reflection and tactical planning. The primary audiences for this evaluation are Oxfam staff, partners and donors.

The study will explore the;

  • Relevance of the project in realising expected outcomes
  • Effectiveness of the project in delivering expected outcomes (this may include, processes, approaches, project design, consistency with Oxfam in Uganda policies, strategies, standards etc)
  • Efficiency of the project during implementation of the project
  • Sustainability of the Policy influencing and Programming interventions
  • Explore enabling and hindering factors for influencing climate change policies and CSA upscaling in Uganda.
  • Lessons learnt and recommendations

Scope of Work

This evaluation should address the following questions related to the implementation and effectiveness of the climate change influencing work:

  1. To what extent have Oxfam in Uganda and its partners made progress on agriculture and climate-related advocacy? (The evaluation should “tell the story” of Oxfam’s engagement on particular policy questions and processes, and elaborate on the intersectional lenses of Oxfam’s engagement, e.g. inequality and gender, smallholder and indigenous voices and rights.)
  2. To what extend has the CSA been successful? Has it achieved scale-up?
  3. What are the challenges and opportunities in the implementation of the climate change work? What are the best approaches for upscaling CSA approaches that are resilient and environment friendly?
  4. To what extend is Uganda contributing to commitments in the global spaces e.g CoP, CAN on NDCs, green gas emissions? How is the enabling environment e.g policies that are inclusive, climate finance, gender-responsiveness in planning, budgeting and implementation etc. How are these commitments aligned to the climate change portfolio?
  5. Engagement and capacity building with other partners (private sector, government, etc.)
  6. Project efficiency (but given that our outputs are hard to quantify, this may be very difficult to commission)
  7. What are the challenges and successes of this work? What are the obstacles and opportunities for future influencing and upscaling climate Smart agriculture?
  8. To what extent has the program improved the capacity of partners (local Ugandan CSOs), particularly to engage in influencing work and government in upscaling climate smart agriculture?
  9. What are the relative strengths of Oxfam in Uganda’s alliances and networks for advocacy and influencing? (How functional and structured are they? How are they managed and coordinated? Is there a share interest and vision on climate change issues? What are their challenge and opportunities for influencing climate change)

The key stakeholders for this evaluation include: Members of parliament (especially the Climate Change Committee; partner organizations like the Parliamentary Voluntary Forum on Climate Change, the Climate Change Network-Uganda; traditional institutions like Buganda Kingdom; Oxfam allies working on climate change policy and climate smart agriculture (e.g. CARE, World Vision and CRS), and the National Taskforce on Climate Smart Agriculture.

This evaluation will cover Oxfam’s activities from 2015 to present. The evaluation will focus on national level alliances and agencies that are engaged in climate change work; most interviews will be conducted in Kampala, Entebbe and Wakiso Districts, with complementary fieldwork to be arranged in three additional upcountry districts where CSA upscaling is taking place in Iganga , Bugiri and Namutumba or any other districts as they will be suggested by the CSA iNGO alliance.

Study Methodology

This evaluation is expected to adopt a qualitative approach and participatory methodologies. Suggested methodologies may include, among others, process tracing, outcome mapping, or outcome harvesting.

The consultant is expected to articulate the evaluation design and study approaches that will be applied during the study. The methods should be sensitive to the target population (unit of analysis), and robust enough to provide adequate responses to the stated evaluation questions. Overall, the methodology section should cover details of study design and approaches, sampling, sample size determination, data collection methods/instruments, data analysis techniques, plan for dissemination of study findings and a statement on quality assurance and ethical considerations during the evaluation. Overall, the section the section should provide details of how the evaluation will be conducted. The expected approach should be described in enough detail to enable any other evaluator interested in the same study to apply the same methodology.

Oxfam in Uganda can provide the selected consultant with internal documentation on the agency’s advocacy work; a selected reading list of external documents; and suggested interview targets.

Study Outputs/Deliverables

The deliverables for this assignment include:

  1. Inception report
  2. Draft report
  3. Final report
  4. Accompanying datasets (e.g. interview transcripts, etc.)

Note: All clean dataset(s), transcriptions and other study materials MUST be handed over to Oxfam in Uganda at the end of the study.

The final report should be submitted in the Oxfam evaluation template and include, at minimum, the following components: executive summary; description of objectives, methods and limitations; study findings, lessons learnt, conclusions and recommendations. The final report will be made publicly available on Oxfam’s Policy & Practice website.

Timeframe and estimated working days

The assignment will be undertaken from 30th October to 17th Dec 2020, lasting a total of 30 working days from the date of signing the contract.

  • Consultant to sign contract for the assignment: 30th October 2020
  • Review of documents and development of the inception report and study instruments: 2nd an 3rd Nov. 2020
  • Presentation of Inception report and data collection tools: 6th 2020
  • Training of research assistants and pre-testing of study instruments: 9th & 10th
  • Primary data collection (field work): 11th – 21st Nov. 2020
  • Data analysis and report writing: 23rd – 28th and 30th- 3rd December 2020
  • Submission of the draft study report to Oxfam in Uganda: 11th Dec 2020
  • Incorporating comments on draft report: 12th & 14th Dec.2020
  • Submission of the final project study report to Oxfam in Uganda: 15th Dec 2020
  • Presentation of final study report: 17th Dec 2020

Qualification and experience of the consultant/team

The consultant or team should have demonstrated expertise in the following areas:

  • Monitoring, evaluation and learning (MEL) of influencing and advocacy work
  • Climate change policy and climate smart agriculture
  • Policy formulation/design processes
  • Literature review, document analysis and semi-structured interviewing
  • Relevant qualitative methodologies (e.g. process tracing, outcome harvesting, outcome mapping)

Note: A multidisciplinary team of consultants is encouraged

Proposal study Criteria

The technical proposal will be evaluated based on the Quality Cost-Based Selection (QCBS) Criteria:

  • The individual general reliability as well as experience and capacity in the carrying out the assignment (30%).
  • The approach in responding to the TOR and detailed work Oxfam in Uganda (45%).
  • The qualifications and competencies of the proposed personnel for the assignment (25%).

Proposals obtaining more than 70% of the technical points will be considered technically suitable and qualify for financial assessment.

Supervision/management of the assignment

The consultant will work closely with the Resilience and Climate Change Coordinator who was designated for this project with support from the Programme Quality and Learning Coordinator. The Resilience and Climate Change Coordinator will provide all the necessary information about the project as requested by the consultant to support the process but also follow-up on completion of any internal processes. The Program Quality Coordinator will support in the process assessment, reviewing of inception report and tools as well as advice on M&E technical issues. The process will be guided by an agreed upon activity work plan and list of deliverables to ensure adherence to deadlines and outputs. While in the field, the consultant will work closely with partners and will be supervised for compliance with contractual requirements as stipulated in the Contract.


The consultant will be paid 30% upon approval of the inception report and 70% upon submission and approval of final report and any agreed upon products of the study. The technical fees will be subjected to 6% withholding Tax.

Submission of Technical and Financial Proposal

Interested applicants are expected to submit the following not later than 14th September 2020;

  • Technical proposal
  • Financial Proposal: the financial proposal should provide cost estimate for services to be rendered including consultancy fees, transport, accommodation and living costs, stationeries and supplies needed for data collection etc.

Send your proposal with a subject marked “Evaluation study: Climate Change for policy influence” to ugandalogistics@oxfam.org by 3:00pm on 20th October 2020.