Terms of Reference : Barrier Analysis (BA) for Promotion of Good Behaviors/Practices in WASH In Kyaka II Refugee Settlement, Kyegegwa District
Uganda continues to receive more refugees from neighbouring countries with volatile situations including the war in South Sudan and conflict and ethnic cleansing in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The situation in DRC remains unstable due to continued armed and ethnic conflicts in the East of the country particularly in North Kivu and Ituri provinces. With the election of the new president recently concluded, between 500-1000 refugees are delivered in convoys to the Kyaka II settlement fortnightly, a sign of continued instability in Eastern DRC.
Oxfam is the lead WASH partner in Kyaka II refugee settlement, implementing on behalf of OPM and UNHCR. In partnership with other WASH actors, our global objective is to provide safe and reliable WASH services to refugees and surrounding host communities.
Inadequate and unsafe water, poor sanitation and poor hygiene as well as environmental sanitation practices are the main causes of diarrhoea, which results globally, in at least 1.9million under-five child deaths annually. Children in developing countries average four to five debilitating bouts of diarrhoea per year, causing and exacerbating malnutrition and long-term stunting. Hygiene behavior change is a key factor for saving lives, especially those of children. For this to be achieved, actors should ensure sustainable hygiene and sanitation service delivery which in-turn depends on well researched communication strategies so as to empower communities to make well informed choices in technical, management and financial options.
The goal of Oxfam’s ECHO funded project is to contribute to the reduction of vulnerability of refugee women, girls, boys, men and host community to public health risks and improved ability to identify and act on related protection risks in refugee settlements and host communities.
It is against this background that Oxfam wishes to procure the services of a competent consultant/consulting firm to undertake a barrier analysis that will enable an understanding of why certain desired hygiene and sanitation behaviours and practices register low coverage or have not been adopted. The findings of which will inform the design and development of key messages, strategies and activities that should promote appropriate behaviour change and practices in WASH.
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